C vs C++ vs C#

C vs C++ vs C#

Whenever a beginner encounters these three languages namely C, C++, and C#; the very first image automatically mind makes is C vs C++ vs C#, right?. he often thinks of the following questions:-

  1. Are they all same languages?
  2. Is C# an upgraded version of C as C++ is?
  3. Are these languages interdependent?
  4. What is ideal in order to learn these languages?
  5. Is knowledge of C & C++ is must to learn C#?
  6. Which one is better C or C++ or C#?
  7. What is the difference between C vs C++ vs C#?

I’ll be answering all of these questions viz a viz will be exploring some awesome facts and differences about these languages in very few words. So guys let’s together kill the curiosity!

Disclaimer for C vs C++ vs C#

Disclaimer: I’m assuming that you are aware of basic programming concepts like what is object-oriented programming and some basic concepts of I.T. So I haven’t described them in the article just have used them wherever necessary. Also, I’ve given hyperlinks to the best article of some of those things which you might not be aware of, wherever necessary. If you have any queries or doubts post in the comments or check out the end of the article. With that note let’s get started.

First of all let’s understand these three languages one-by-one before diving deep into the actual difference between C vs C++ vs C#.

About C language


C is a LOW-level and general-purpose programming language that is ideal for developing firmware or portable applications. Originally intended for writing system software, C was developed at Bell Labs by Dennis Ritchie for the Unix Operating System in the early 1970s.

So if any of you wanna refer to the official definition of C you can refer above. But obviously, we’re not here for that! Basically, C is a low level(i.e. works close to hardware) compiled language. C brought a mighty revolution in the field of programming at that time and even yet. This C language is inevitably one of the fastest languages in the current time. C programs are memory-efficient and provide users a lot of control in hand. Whenever you have a lack of resources C will always be there to keep you alive(And some people claim that this language is about to die XO). C language has evolved much with time to make it alive and stand even harder. And no doubt It shall continue its journey further too.

About C++ language


C++ is an object oriented computer language created by notable computer scientist Bjorne Stroustrop as part of the evolution of the C family of languages. Some call C++ “C with classes” because it introduces object oriented programming principles, including the use of defined classes, to the C programming language framework.

After the Immersive success of C, Stroustrup(creator of C++) felt something missing in C; so he added Object-Oriented Programming in C and launched it again. Yeah, there is no doubt that C++ is an upgrade of C but the number of things it had changed created it a completely new language. C++ is one of the most popularly used languages in Competitive Programming & Data Structures & Algorithms.

C vs C++

If we want to define C++ in terms of C we can do so in just a single line by saying:

C++ is superset of C

Relation b/w C & C++ is displayed pretty well in the following image too.

So, that was a major difference b/w C & C++. C is a Procedural Oriented Programming(POP) language & C++ is just an extension of it with a major feature like Object Oriented Programming(OOP).

Now the Question is C or C++? Which one is better C or C++?

In my opinion, one may start with any of the two languages and consider using them simultaneously. Even the imports of C can work in C++ & vice-versa. But you must learn C++ for better efficiency because of its much-required improvements & some of the cool features. But that doesn’t mean that C is dead.

PS: To see a proper representation of all the differences b/w C vs C++ check out this link –> Difference Between C and C++ Programming Languages (techwelkin.com)

Fact: These two languages (C & C++) are officially considered as two completely different languages.

About C# language


C# (pronounced see sharp, like the musical note C♯, but written with the number sign) is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines.

As per the facts C# is considered in Family of C but in reality, it is closer to Java. Some of the developers even pronounce it as Java of Microsoft. It’s an object-oriented language & as it’s been developed and regulated by Microsoft; It has awesome support of .Net Framework. Also, Unity one of the most famous Game-engine runs in C#. Despite being quite a new language It’s always been among the top 10 programming languages in Stack Overflow Developer’s Survey. Also, this language is creating an epic legacy behind her.


So, now you must have a clear picture of C vs C++ vs C# with an answer. Also, At this point you must be aware that C# is a completely different language from C & C++. So in case you need it, you can go for it without having any prior knowledge of C & Any kind of dependency. But in the case of C and C++, these two languages are quite similar in basics but C++ brings you some great functionalities which makes it a must-learn language. Also, If you’ve learned C, You must give a try C++ because you must learn both if you can but for one I’ll recommend C++. And by learning it you can work on C too without any sort of problems.

Thanks for Reading
Prakhar Shukla

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