Get weather forecast using Python

Get weather forecast using Python

Introduction

Hello friends, this is the article that gives an idea of how to get weather forecast using Python and the code of how to generate the weather report. The weather has become a very important aspect of our day-to-day activities. Our daily activities are mostly dependent on how the weather outside. Whether it’s cloudy, raining, or extremely hot or cold weather report gives us information about it. As we leave the house unexpectedly, it starts raining. The ‘weather forecast report ‘ helps us to know what would be today’s weather forecast to solve these problems.

This is a very simple and interesting code for beginners. It helps us to get the weather report by writing simple lines of code in python. The comments provided in this help us to understand the code line by line.

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1. Starting with the import function

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import requests

Here we have imported the Beautiful Soup library from the package(bs4) and requests module. The requests module helps to integrate your Python programs with web services. The Beautiful Soup module is designed to make screen-scraping get done quickly.

2. Setting User-Agent

headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64)     AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.3'}

The User-Agent request header is a character string. It lets servers and network peers identify the application, operating system, vendor, and/or version of the requesting user agent.

3. Requesting information from the URL

res=requests.get(f'https://www.google.com/search?q={city}&oq={city}&aqs=chrome.0. i635i39l2j0l4j46j690.6128j1j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8',headers=headers)

The request function allows you to get the information from the URL and store it in the object i.e res.

3. Using the soup function

soup = BeautifulSoup(res.text,'html.parser')  

We use BeautifulSoup to navigate our website and extract the data and store it in soup.

4. Extracting the information

location =  soup.select('#wob_loc')[0].getText().strip()
time =  soup.select('#wob_dts')[0].getText().strip()
info = soup.select('#wob_dc')[0].getText().strip()
weather = soup.select('#wob_tm')[0].getText().strip()

Here we can extract the information about location, time, info, and weather. It can be done by removing all the extra spaces with the help of the ‘strip’ function.

4. Enter the data to get the weather report

print("enter the city name")
city=input()
city=city+" weather"
weather(city)

Enter the city name and pass the city concatenated with the weather. It is passed to the weather function to extract the weather information of that particular city.

Complete Code to Get weather forecast using Python

#Weather report
#Importing Beautifulsoup Library
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
#importing requests module
import requests

#header user agent is a string allows the server to identify the O.S and application
headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36' (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.3'}
#defining the weather function

def weather(city):
# Replaces the space with + operator
city=city.replace(" ","+")
#requests and get function to get the information from the URL provided
res=requests.get(f'https://www.google.com/search?q={city}&oq={city}’
                f'&aqs=chrome.0.35i39l2j0l4j46j69i60.6128j1j7&sourceid='
                       f'chrome&ie=UTF-8',headers=headers)
#searches the information from google
    print("Searching in google......\n")
#Navigates on that particular website ,extract and store the data in soup object
    soup = BeautifulSoup(res.text,'html.parser')
#gets the information of location 
    location = soup.select('#wob_loc')[0].getText().strip()
#gets the information of time
    time = soup.select('#wob_dts')[0].getText().strip()
#gets the desired information
    info = soup.select('#wob_dc')[0].getText().strip()
#gets the weather information
    weather = soup.select('#wob_tm')[0].getText().strip()

#prints location
    print(location)
#prints time
    print(time)
#prints info 
    print(info)
#prints the weather in degree celcius
    print(weather+"°C")

#enter the city name
print("enter the city name")
city=input()

#Concatenating the city name and weather 
city=city+" weather"

#passing the city object to weather function
weather(city)

Output

Get weather forecast using Python output

Thank you for reading our article.


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