Hostel Management System Project in Python

Hostel Management System Project in Python

In this article, we will build a Hostel Management System Project in Python with Graphical User Interface and database integration. We will use the MongoDB database with pymongo module for managing data. This application can help hostel owners to make their work more convenient and Increase their Service Quality. This application can help users with adding rooms, booking rooms, adding or removing employees, etc.

Prerequisites

Following are the prerequisites for following along with this article:

  • Python Programming Language
  • tkinter module
  • Pymongo Module
  • MongoDB database

Features

The Hostel Manager can log in using credential admin as username and admin as password. He can change the username and password as well.

The manager has access to the following things:

  • View all rooms, Add a room, Remove a room, and Book a room.
  • View all employees, Add and Remove them.
  • View all the feedback and add new feedback when required.
  • Can change the username and password for login credentials.
  • Can log out.

Set Up The Development Environment

  • You should have MongoDB installed. MongoDB compass should also be installed to have more control over data using GUI provided by MongoDB.
  • You should have pymongo module installed. Run “pip install pymongo” in the command prompt.
  • Create three files main.py, gui.py, and database.py in the same folder.

Setting up the database

Copy the following code in the database.py file

from pymongo import MongoClient
class DataBaseManager():
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Class to manage database
        """
        self.client = MongoClient('localhost', 27017)
        self.db = self.client["Hostel_Management_System"]
        self.RoomsCollection = self.db["rooms"]
        self.AdminCollection = self.db["admins"]
        self.StudentCollection = self.db["students"]
        self.FeedBackCollection = self.db["feedBacks"]
        self.EmployeeCollection = self.db["employees"]
 
    def add_room(self,dict):
        dict["aviliability"] = "aviliable"
        dict["bookedfor"] = 0
        self.RoomsCollection.insert_one(dict)
 
    def book_room(self,dict):
        doc = self.RoomsCollection.find_one({"Room Id":dict["Room Id"]})
        doc["aviliability"] = "Occupied By " + dict["Name"]
        doc["bookedfor"] = dict["Booked For"]
        print(doc)
        self.RoomsCollection.find_one_and_replace({"Room Id":dict["Room Id"]},doc)
        self.StudentCollection.insert_one(dict)
 
 
    def check_authentication(self,username,password):
        dbusername = self.AdminCollection.find_one()["username"]
        dbpassword = self.AdminCollection.find_one()["password"]
        return username == dbusername and password == dbpassword
 
    def change_authentication_details(self,newusername,newpassword):
        doc = dict(self.AdminCollection.find_one())
        doc["username"] = newusername
        doc["password"] = newpassword
        self.AdminCollection.find_one_and_replace({},replacement=doc)
 
    def insert_feedback(self,dict1):
        self.FeedBackCollection.insert_one(dict1)
 
 
    def get_feedbacks(self):
        feedbacks = []
        for document in self.FeedBackCollection.find():
            feedbacks.append(document)
        return feedbacks
 
    def get_employees(self):
        employees = []
        for document in self.EmployeeCollection.find():
            employees.append(document)
        return employees
   
    def get_students(self):
        students = []
        for document in self.StudentCollection.find():
            students.append(document)
        return students
 
    def get_rooms(self):
        rooms = []
        for document in self.RoomsCollection.find():
            rooms.append(document)
        return rooms
 
    def add_employee(self,dict1):
        self.EmployeeCollection.insert_one(dict1)

The above class manages getting, inserting, and modifying required data.

We have created Hostel_Management_System database and four collections inside the database which are

  • RoomsCollection(For containing data regarding rooms)
  • AdminCollection(For containing the username, and password for login)
  • StudentCollection(For containing data regarding students)
  • FeedbackCollection(For containing data regarding feedback and who gave them)
  • EmployeeColleciton(For containing data regarding employees)

The methods in this class are pretty straightforward and self-explanatory as they do what they are called so there is no need to explain them.

Coding Hostel Management System Project in Python

gui.py

Copy the following code in gui.py

from tkinter import *
from tkinter.scrolledtext import ScrolledText
 
class Base():
    """
        Class to be inheritated by all the widgets in gui for uniformity
    """
    background = "#191919"
    foreground = "#ECDBBA"
    labelframefont = "halvatica 10"
    normalfont = "halvatica 30"
    normalfont2 = "halvatica 10 "
    entryforeground = "#ECDBBA"
    entrybackground = "#C84B31"
    buttonbackground = "#2D4263"
    buttonforeground = "#ECDBBA"
 
    def Create_Welcome_Label(self,master):
        """
            Shows welcome label
        """
        Label(master,text="Hostel Management System",foreground=self.foreground,background=self.background,font="Halvatica 50").pack(pady = "30")

The above code starts the gui.py. We first import tkinter and scrolled text and then we create a Base class. This class will be inherited by all the classes in the GUI. This class contains background color, foreground color, and what fonts to use, etc for uniformity.

Creating Login Frame

Copy the following code in gui.py

class LoginFrame(LabelFrame,Base):
    def __init__(self,master):
        """
            Class for handling login page in gui
            Inheritated from labelframe
        """
        super().__init__(master=master,background=self.background,foreground = self.foreground, font=self.labelframefont,text="Login")
        self.Create_Welcome_Label(self.master)
        self.loginbutton,self.usernameentry,self.passwordentry = self.Create_Entrys_And_Buttons()
 
 
    def Create_Entrys_And_Buttons(self):
        """
        creates entrys buttons and returnes necessary ones
        :return loginbutton,usernameentry,passwordentry)
        """
        usernameentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont)
        passwordentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font = self. normalfont,show="*")
        Label(self,text="Username : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont).grid(row=0,column=0,padx=20,pady=5)
        Label(self,text="Password : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont).grid(row=1,column=0,padx=20,pady=5)
        usernameentry.grid(row=0,column=1,padx=20,pady=5,sticky=EW)
        passwordentry.grid(row=1,column=1,padx=20,pady=5,sticky=EW)
        self.rowconfigure((0,1),weight=1)
        self.columnconfigure((0,1),weight=1)
        loginbutton =Button(self,text="Login",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        loginbutton.grid(row = 2,column=0,columnspan=2,padx=20,pady=5,sticky='ew')
        return loginbutton,usernameentry,passwordentry
 
    def set_logincommand(self,command):
        self.loginbutton["command"] = lambda : command(self.usernameentry.get(),self.passwordentry.get())
 
    def rebuild(self):
        """
            Funtion to clear entrys after log out
        """
        self.usernameentry.delete(0,END)
        self.passwordentry.delete(0,END)

This frame of Hostel Management System Project in Python handles the first login page. The rebuild function clears all the entries in the login page after logging in so that when the user logs out again the same text is not shown in the entry again.

Output:

login frame

Creating mainframe

Copy the following code in gui.py

class MainFrame(LabelFrame,Base):
    def __init__(self,master):
        """
        Class to create MainPage of the app
        """
        super().__init__(master=master,background=self.background,font=self.labelframefont,text="Functions",labelanchor="n",foreground=self.foreground)
        self.master = master
        self.create_buttons_and_welcome_label()
 
 
    def create_buttons_and_welcome_label(self):
        self.roommanagementbutton = Button(self,text="Room Management",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        self.feedbackmanagementbutton = Button(self,text="FeedBack Management",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        self.empolyeemanagementbutton = Button(self,text="Employee Management",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        self.viewstudentbutton = Button(self,text="View Students",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        self.changeUPbutton = Button(self,text="Change Username/Password",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        self.logoutbutton = Button(self,text="Log-out",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont,)
        self.buttons = (self.roommanagementbutton,self.feedbackmanagementbutton,self.empolyeemanagementbutton,self.viewstudentbutton,self.changeUPbutton,self.logoutbutton)
        for i in self.buttons:
            i.pack(expand=True,fill=X,pady=5,padx = 7)
    def pack1(self,*arr):
        self.Create_Welcome_Label(self.master)
        self.pack(*arr)
 
 
    def set_command_for_button(self,buttoncode,command):
        """
        Class to set commands for button.
        :param buttoncode: (int) code to distinguish number and button
        :param command: function
        """
        self.buttons[buttoncode]["command"] = command

This frame of Hostel Management System Project in Python handles the main page of the GUI. Method set command for button sets the command for the button according to the index passed.

Creating change Username Password Top Level window

This class creates a top level for changing usernames and passwords.

Copy the following code in gui.py

class ChangeUsernamePassword(Toplevel,Base):
    def __init__(self):
        """
        Class to handle gui for changing usernames and passwords
        """
        super().__init__(background=self.background)
        self.title = "ChangeUsernamePassword"
 
        self.changebutton,self.oldusernameentry,self.oldpasswordentry,self.newusernameentry,self.newpasswordentry = self.create_entrysandbuttons()
 
    def create_entrysandbuttons(self):
        """
            Creates buttons and entries and returns some of them
            :return changebutton,oldusernameentry,oldpasswordentry,newusernameentry,newpasswordentry:
        """
        oldpasswordentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font = self. normalfont2,show="*")
        oldusernameentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont2)
        newusernameentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont2)
        newpasswordentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font = self. normalfont2,show="*")
       
        Label(self,text="OldUsername : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=0,column=0,padx=20,pady=5)
        Label(self,text="NewUsername : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=1,column=0,padx=20,pady=5)
        Label(self,text="OldPassword : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=2,column=0,padx=20,pady=5)
        Label(self,text="NewPassword : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=3,column=0,padx=20,pady=5)
       
        oldusernameentry.grid(row=0,column=1,padx=20,pady=5,sticky=EW)
        newusernameentry.grid(row=1,column=1,padx=20,pady=5,sticky=EW)
        oldpasswordentry.grid(row=2,column=1,padx=20,pady=5,sticky=EW)
        newpasswordentry.grid(row=3,column=1,padx=20,pady=5,sticky=EW)
        changebutton =Button(self,text="Change",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont2,)
        changebutton.grid(row = 4,column=0,columnspan=2,padx=20,pady=5,sticky='ew')
 
        return changebutton,oldusernameentry,oldpasswordentry,newusernameentry,newpasswordentry
 
    def set_changebuttoncommand(self,command):
        self.changebutton["command"] = lambda : command(self.oldusernameentry.get(),self.oldpasswordentry.get(),self.newusernameentry.get(),self.newpasswordentry.get())

Output:

changing credentials

Creating Feedback Manager

Copy the following code in gui.py

 class FeedbackManager(Frame,Base):
 
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Class to display and add feedbacks
        """
        super().__init__(background= self.background)
        self.create_widgets()
    def create_widgets(self):
        L1 = LabelFrame(self,font=self.labelframefont,background=self.background,foreground=self.foreground,text="FeedBacks")
        old_feedbacks = ScrolledText(L1,background = self.entrybackground,foreground = self.entryforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.old_feedbacks = old_feedbacks
        self.old_feedbacks['state'] = DISABLED
        self.old_feedbacks.pack(fill = "both",expand=True)
 
        L1.grid(row=0,column=0, sticky= NSEW,rowspan=2,padx=5,pady=5)
 
        L2 = LabelFrame(self,font=self.labelframefont,background=self.background,foreground=self.foreground,text="AddFeedBacks")
        self.add_feedback_section = ScrolledText(L2,background = self.entrybackground,foreground = self.entryforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.add_feedback_section.pack(fill=BOTH,expand=True)
        L2.grid(row = 0,column = 1,sticky= NSEW,columnspan=4,padx=4,pady=4)
        self.addfeedbackbutton = Button(self,text="AddFeedBack",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.addfeedbackbutton.grid(row = 1,column=3,sticky= NSEW,padx=2,pady=2)
        self.backbutton = Button(self,text="Back",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.backbutton.grid(row = 1,column=4,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        Label(self,text="Given By : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=1,column=1,sticky="news")
        self.givenbyentry = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font = self. normalfont2)
        self.givenbyentry.grid(row = 1,column= 2,sticky="news")
 
        self.rowconfigure(0,weight=3)
        self.columnconfigure(0,weight=1)
 
    def display_feedbacks(self,feedbacks):
        """
        displays the feedbacks
        :param feedbacks: list
        """
        self.old_feedbacks["state"] = NORMAL
        for feedback in feedbacks:
            self.old_feedbacks.insert(END,"Given By : " + feedback["name"] + "\n")
            self.old_feedbacks.insert(END, feedback["feedbacktext"] + "\n")
        self.old_feedbacks["state"] = DISABLED
   
    def set_commandforaddfeedbackbuttons(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.addfeedbackbutton["command"] = lambda : command({"name": self.givenbyentry.get(),"feedbacktext" : self.add_feedback_section.get(0.0,END)})
   
 
    def set_commandforbackbutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.backbutton["command"] = command

The feedback manager manages adding feedbacks and viewing previous feedbacks.

Output:

feedback screen

Creating Employee Manager

Copy the following code in gui.py

class EmployeeManager(LabelFrame,Base):
    def __init__(self,master):
        """
            Class to view Employees and add or remove employees
        """
        super().__init__(master=master,background=self.background,foreground = self.foreground, font=self.labelframefont,text="Employees : ")
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        self.viewemployees = ScrolledText(self,background = self.entrybackground,foreground = self.entryforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.viewemployees.grid(row=0,column=0,columnspan = 3,sticky="news")
        self.viewemployees["state"] = DISABLED
        self.backbutton = Button(self,text="Back",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.backbutton.grid(row = 1,column=2,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.addempolyeebutton = Button(self,text="AddEmployee",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.addempolyeebutton.grid(row = 1,column=0,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.removeempolyeebutton = Button(self,text="RemoveEmployee",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.removeempolyeebutton.grid(row = 1,column=1,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.rowconfigure(0,weight=1)
        self.columnconfigure((0,1,2),weight=1)
 
    def display_employees(self,employees):
        """
        displays the feedbacks
        :param rooms: list
        """
        self.viewemployees["state"] = NORMAL
        for employee in employees:
            for key,value in employee.items():
                try:
                    self.viewemployees.insert(END,key + " : " + value + "\n")
                except:
                    pass
            self.viewemployees.insert(END,"\n")
        self.viewemployees["state"] = DISABLED
 
    def set_commandforbackbutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.backbutton["command"] = command
 
    def set_commandforaddemployees(self,command):
        self.addempolyeebutton["command"] = command
 
    def set_commandforremoveemployees(self,command):
        self.removeempolyeebutton["command"] = command

Employee Manager lets you add employees, view employees, and remove employees.

Output:

employee management screen

It has Add employee and Remove employee Buttons they will create add_employee and remove_employee top levels.

Creating add employee top level

Copy the following code in gui.py

class addemployeetoplevel(Toplevel,Base):
 
 
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Top Level To add employees
        """
        super().__init__(background=self.background)
        self.required_values = ["Name","Email Address","Phone Number","Post","Qualification"]
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        entrys = []
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            Label(self,text=self.required_values[i] + " : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=i,column=0,sticky="news")
            e = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont)
            e.grid(row=i,column=1,sticky="news")
            entrys.append(e)
        self.entrys = entrys
        self.addemployeebutton =Button(self,text="Add",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont)
        self.addemployeebutton.grid(row=len(self.required_values) + 1,column=0,columnspan=2,sticky=NSEW)
 
    def set_addemployeebuttoncommand(self,command):
        dict = {}
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            dict[self.required_values[i]] = self.entrys[i]
        self.addemployeebutton["command"] = lambda : command(dict)

It manages adding of employees.

Output:

adding employee screen

Creating Remove Employee Toplevel

Copy the following code in gui.py

class removeempolyeetoplevel(Toplevel,Base):
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Top Level To remove employees
        """
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Top Level To remove emoployee
        """
        super().__init__(background=self.background)
        self.required_values = ["Name",]
        self.create_widgets()
    def create_widgets(self):
        entrys = []
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            Label(self,text=self.required_values[i] + " : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=i,column=0,sticky="news")
            e = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont)
            e.grid(row=i,column=1,sticky="news")
            entrys.append(e)
        self.entrys = entrys
        self.removeemployeebutton =Button(self,text="Remove",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont)
        self.removeemployeebutton.grid(row=len(self.required_values) + 1,column=0,columnspan=2,sticky=NSEW)
 
    def set_removeemployeebuttoncommand(self,command):
        dict = {}
        print("hell")
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            dict[self.required_values[i]] = self.entrys[i]
        self.removeemployeebutton["command"] = lambda : command(dict[self.required_values[0]])

It handles removing of employees.

Output:

remove employee screen

Creating room manager

The room manager module of Hostel Management System Project in Python handles adding rooms, viewing rooms, removing rooms, and booking rooms.

Copy the following code in gui.py

class RoomManager(LabelFrame,Base):
    def __init__(self,master):
        """
            Class to view rooms , add remove or book rooms
        """
        super().__init__(master=master,background=self.background,foreground = self.foreground, font=self.labelframefont,text="Rooms : ")
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        self.viewrooms = ScrolledText(self,background = self.entrybackground,foreground = self.entryforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.viewrooms.grid(row=0,column=0,columnspan = 4,sticky="news")
        self.viewrooms["state"] = DISABLED
        self.backbutton = Button(self,text="Back",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.backbutton.grid(row = 1,column=3,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.addroombutton = Button(self,text="AddRoom",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.addroombutton.grid(row = 1,column=0,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.removeroombutton = Button(self,text="RemoveRoom",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.removeroombutton.grid(row = 1,column=1,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
       
        self.bookroombutton = Button(self,text="BookRoom",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.bookroombutton.grid(row = 1,column=2,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.rowconfigure(0,weight=1)
        self.columnconfigure((0,1,2),weight=1)
 
    def display_rooms(self,rooms):
        """
        displays the feedbacks
        :param rooms: list
        """
        self.viewrooms["state"] = NORMAL
        for room in rooms:
            for key,value in room.items():
                try:
                    if key != "_id":
                        self.viewrooms.insert(END,key + " : " + str(value) + "\n")
                except Exception as e:
                    print(e)
            self.viewrooms.insert(END,"\n")
        self.viewrooms["state"] = DISABLED
 
    def set_commandforbackbutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.backbutton["command"] = command
 
    def set_commandforaddroombutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.addroombutton["command"] = command
 
    def set_commandforremoveroombutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.removeroombutton["command"] = command
 
    def set_commandforbookroombutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.bookroombutton["command"] = command

Output:

room management screen

This page has add room button, remove room button, and book room button which 

Will create add room toplevel, remove room toplevel, and book room toplevel respectively.

Creating Add Room Toplevel

Copy the following code in gui.py

class addroomtoplevel(Toplevel,Base):
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Top Level To add employees
        """
        super().__init__(background=self.background)
        self.required_values = ["Room Id","Room Description",]
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        entrys = []
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            Label(self,text=self.required_values[i] + " : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=i,column=0,sticky="news")
            e = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont)
            e.grid(row=i,column=1,sticky="news")
            entrys.append(e)
        self.entrys = entrys
        self.addroombutton =Button(self,text="Add",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont)
        self.addroombutton.grid(row=len(self.required_values) + 1,column=0,columnspan=2,sticky=NSEW)
 
    def set_addroombuttoncommand(self,command):
        dict = {}
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            dict[self.required_values[i]] = self.entrys[i]
        self.addroombutton["command"] = lambda : command(dict)

It manages adding of rooms.

Output:

add room screen

Creating remove room toplevel

Copy the following code in gui.py

class removeroomtoplevel(Toplevel,Base):
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Top Level To add employees
        """
        super().__init__(background=self.background)
        self.required_values = ["Room Id",]
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        entrys = []
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            Label(self,text=self.required_values[i] + " : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=i,column=0,sticky="news")
            e = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont)
            e.grid(row=i,column=1,sticky="news")
            entrys.append(e)
        self.entrys = entrys
        self.removeroombutton =Button(self,text="Remove",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont)
        self.removeroombutton.grid(row=len(self.required_values) + 1,column=0,columnspan=2,sticky=NSEW)
 
    def set_removeroombuttoncommand(self,command):
 
        self.removeroombutton["command"] = lambda : command(self.entrys[0])

It handles removing of rooms.

Output:

remove screen

Creating book room top level

Copy the following code in gui.py

class bookroomtoplevel(Toplevel,Base):
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Top Level To Book Room
        """
        super().__init__(background=self.background)
        self.required_values = ["Room Id","Name","Email Address","Phone Number","Student Id","Booked For"]
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        entrys = []
 
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            Label(self,text=self.required_values[i] + " : ",foreground=self.foreground,background= self.background,font=self.normalfont2).grid(row=i ,column=0,sticky="news",padx=5,pady=5)
            e = Entry(self,foreground=self.entryforeground,background=self.entrybackground,font=self.normalfont)
            e.grid(row=i,column=1,sticky="news",padx=5,pady=5)
            entrys.append(e)
        self.entrys = entrys
        self.bookroombutton =Button(self,text="Book Room",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font=self.normalfont)
        self.bookroombutton.grid(row=len(self.required_values),column=0,columnspan=2,sticky=NSEW)
 
    def set_bookroombuttoncommand(self,command):
        dict = {}
        for i in range(len(self.required_values)):
            dict[self.required_values[i]] = self.entrys[i]
        self.bookroombutton["command"] = lambda : command(dict)

This frame of Hostel Management System Project in Python lets you book the room for students.

Output:

book room

Creating view student’s frame

This frame lets you view students and their details like phone numbers, Email Addresses, rooms in which they are staying and booked, etc.

Copy the following code in gui.py

class ViewStudentsFrame(LabelFrame,Base):
    def __init__(self,master):
        """
            Class to view Students
        """
        super().__init__(master=master,background=self.background,foreground = self.foreground, font=self.labelframefont,text="Students : ")
        self.create_widgets()
 
    def create_widgets(self):
        self.viewstudents = ScrolledText(self,background = self.entrybackground,foreground = self.entryforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.viewstudents.grid(row=0,column=0,columnspan = 3,sticky="news")
        self.viewstudents["state"] = DISABLED
        self.backbutton = Button(self,text="Back",background=self.buttonbackground,foreground=self.buttonforeground,font = self.normalfont2)
        self.backbutton.grid(row = 1,column=2,sticky="news",padx = 2,pady=2)
 
        self.rowconfigure(0,weight=1)
        self.columnconfigure((0,1,2),weight=1)
 
    def display_students(self,students):
        """
        displays the feedbacks
        :param rooms: list
        """
        self.viewstudents["state"] = NORMAL
        for employee in students:
            for key,value in employee.items():
                try:
                    self.viewstudents.insert(END,key + " : " + value + "\n")
                except:
                    pass
            self.viewstudents.insert(END,"\n")
        self.viewstudents["state"] = DISABLED
 
    def set_commandforbackbutton(self,command):
        """
            :param command: function
        """
        self.backbutton["command"] = command

Output:

view student

Creating App Class

Finally, we create an app class that handles all the GUI activities like creating and packing room or employee manager, sending messages, etc

Copy the following code in gui.py

class App(Tk,Base):
    def __init__(self):
        """
            Main class of gui which handles all UI activities
        """
        super().__init__()
        self.title("Hostel Management System")
        self.geometry("1350x700")
       
       
        self.config(background=self.background)
        self.mainframe = MainFrame(self)
        self.loginframe = LoginFrame(self)
        self.feedbackmanager = FeedbackManager()
        self.employeemanager = EmployeeManager(self)
        self.roommanager = RoomManager(self)
        self.viewstudentsframe = ViewStudentsFrame(self)
        self.create_loginframe()
 
 
    def create_mainframe(self):
        self.mainframe.pack1()
 
    def create_loginframe(self):
        self.loginframe.pack(expand=True,fill=X,padx=300,ipadx=20,ipady=20)
 
    def create_feedbackmanager(self):
        self.feedbackmanager.pack(fill=BOTH,expand=True)
 
    def clear_window(self):
        """
            clears all the widgets from the window
        """
        for widget in self.pack_slaves():
            widget.pack_forget()
   
    def create_changeusernamepassword(self):
        self.changeusernamepasswordtoplevel = ChangeUsernamePassword()
 
    def create_addemployeestoplevel(self):
        self.addemployeestoplevel = addemployeetoplevel()
 
    def create_removeemployeestoplevel(self):
        self.removeemployeestoplevel = removeempolyeetoplevel()
 
    def create_employeemanager(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.employeemanager.pack(fill=BOTH,expand=True)
 
    def create_roommanager(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.roommanager.pack(fill = BOTH,expand = True)
 
    def create_viewstudents(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.viewstudentsframe.pack(fill = BOTH,expand = True)
 
    def create_addroomtoplevel(self):
        self.addroomtoplevel = addroomtoplevel()
 
    def create_removeroomtoplevel(self):
        self.removeroomtoplevel = removeroomtoplevel()
 
    def create_bookroomtoplevel(self):
        self.bookroomroplevel = bookroomtoplevel()
 
    def log_out(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.loginframe.rebuild()
        self.create_loginframe()
 
    def log_in(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.create_mainframe()
 
    def start_feedbackmanager(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.create_feedbackmanager()
 
    def backtomainframe(self):
        self.clear_window()
        self.create_mainframe()

This class manages all the GUI activities. Some of the hard-to-understand methods of this class are:

  1. Back to the main frame: It clears other frames in the window and changes the frame to the main frame.
  2. Clear window.

It hides all the widgets of the window to change pages or frames.

Finally connecting the database and GUI through main.py

First, copy the following code in main.py

from gui import *
from database import *
from tkinter.messagebox import showinfo,askokcancel
 
 
app = App()
dbm = DataBaseManager()
 
def login(username,password):
    if dbm.check_authentication(username=username,password=password):
        app.log_in()
    else:
        showinfo("Login Error","Invalid Username or password")
 
def logout():
    yes = askokcancel(title="Info",message="Are you sure you want to log out? ")
    if yes:
        app.log_out()
 
def createusernamepassword():
    app.create_changeusernamepassword()
    app.changeusernamepasswordtoplevel.set_changebuttoncommand(changeusernamepassword)
 
 
def changeusernamepassword(oldusername,oldpassword,newusername,newpassword):
    if dbm.check_authentication(oldusername,oldpassword):
        dbm.change_authentication_details(newusername,newpassword)
        showinfo(title="Changed",message="Changed Username and Password")
        app.changeusernamepasswordtoplevel.destroy()
 
def start_feedback():
    app.start_feedbackmanager()
    app.feedbackmanager.display_feedbacks(dbm.get_feedbacks())
 
def add_feedback(dict):
    dbm.insert_feedback(dict)
 
def add_employees(dict):
    dict_2 = {}
    for key,value in dict.items():
        dict_2[key] = value.get()
   
    print(dict_2)
    dbm.add_employee(dict_2)
    app.addemployeestoplevel.destroy()
 
def remove_employee(entry):
    dbm.EmployeeCollection.delete_one({"Name":entry.get()})
    app.removeemployeestoplevel.destroy()
 
def remove_room(entry):
    dbm.RoomsCollection.delete_one({"Room Id":entry.get()})
    app.removeroomtoplevel.destroy()
 
 
def add_room(dict):
    dict_2 = {}
    for key,value in dict.items():
        dict_2[key] = value.get()
    dbm.add_room(dict_2)
    app.addroomtoplevel.destroy()
 
def book_room(dict):
    dict_2 = {}
    for key,value in dict.items():
        dict_2[key] = value.get()
    dbm.book_room(dict_2)
    app.bookroomroplevel.destroy()
 
 
def create_addemployees_toplevel():
    app.create_addemployeestoplevel()
    app.addemployeestoplevel.set_addemployeebuttoncommand(add_employees)
 
def create_removeemployees_toplevel():
    app.create_removeemployeestoplevel()
    app.removeemployeestoplevel.set_removeemployeebuttoncommand(remove_employee)
 
def create_employeemanager():
    app.create_employeemanager()
    app.employeemanager.display_employees(dbm.get_employees())
 
def create_addroomtoplevel():
    app.create_addroomtoplevel()
    app.addroomtoplevel.set_addroombuttoncommand(add_room)
 
def create_removeroomtoplevel():
    app.create_removeroomtoplevel()
    app.removeroomtoplevel.set_removeroombuttoncommand(remove_room)
 
def create_bookroomtoplevel():
    app.create_bookroomtoplevel()
    app.bookroomroplevel.set_bookroombuttoncommand(book_room)
 
def create_roommanager():
    app.create_roommanager()
    app.roommanager.display_rooms(dbm.get_rooms())
 
def create_viewstudents():
    app.create_viewstudents()
    app.viewstudentsframe.display_students(dbm.get_students())
   
 
app.loginframe.set_logincommand(login)
app.mainframe.set_command_for_button(5,logout)
app.mainframe.set_command_for_button(4,createusernamepassword)
app.mainframe.set_command_for_button(1,start_feedback)
app.mainframe.set_command_for_button(2,create_employeemanager)
app.mainframe.set_command_for_button(0,create_roommanager)
app.mainframe.set_command_for_button(3,create_viewstudents)
app.feedbackmanager.set_commandforaddfeedbackbuttons(add_feedback)
app.feedbackmanager.set_commandforbackbutton(lambda : app.backtomainframe())
app.employeemanager.set_commandforbackbutton(lambda : app.backtomainframe())
app.viewstudentsframe.set_commandforbackbutton(lambda: app.backtomainframe())
app.roommanager.set_commandforbackbutton(lambda : app.backtomainframe())
app.roommanager.set_commandforremoveroombutton(create_removeroomtoplevel)
app.roommanager.set_commandforaddroombutton(create_addroomtoplevel)
app.roommanager.set_commandforbookroombutton(create_bookroomtoplevel)
app.employeemanager.set_commandforaddemployees(create_addemployees_toplevel)
app.employeemanager.set_commandforremoveemployees(create_removeemployees_toplevel)
 
app.mainloop()

In this file, we connect the database with the app. First, we create the objects of the database and app and we create many functions which are commands to be run by the buttons on the app. In the last, we set the commands to the appropriate function and run the mainloop. This completes the Hostel management app.

Output:

Download Source Code

Conclusion

We have completed the Hostel Management System Project in Python. It was a nice project for me to practice my GUI and database skills. Hope it was for you too. Don’t hesitate to modify the app as you need and always try to create something fun like this project.

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