Draw Snowman using Python Turtle

Snowman using Python Turtle

Introduction

In this post, we’ll look at how to design a Snowman using Python Turtle. The snowman is made up of various-sized round snowballs.

A snowman is made out of various-sized circular snowballs. The snowman’s body is made up of three snowballs stacked on top of each other. The eyes, nose, and buttons are all circular. We shall sketch a snowman while keeping this in mind.

Let’s Code Now

Import the turtle library

 import turtle

First of all, we must import the turtle package using the import method. It has a variety of functions and features. It enables us to draw anything with the help of a Python turtle.

We need to set the screen(), turtle speed, and background-color

turtle.speed(4)
turtle.setup(800, 700)
turtle.bgcolor("black")

Here, we set the cursor speed (4), set up the screen size(800 x 700), and set up the background color to black.

Creating a circle behind the Snowman

turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, -320)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("#c1f8b5")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(320)
turtle.end_fill()

First of all, we use the penup function to move the pen and set the pen coordinates to (0, -320), we use the pen down function to draw a circle size of 320 and set the circle color.

Drawing the Bottom circle of Snowman using Python Turtle

# Bottom of body
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, -280)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("white")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(110)
turtle.end_fill()

In this part, we are drawing the bottom circle for we use the goto function to shift the location to (0,-280). And use the pen down function and circle function to draw the circle. here we use the begin_fill() function which is used to fill the white color in the circle. And use end_fill() to close the function.

 Drawing the Middle of the Body

turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, -110)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(90)
turtle.end_fill()

Here we draw the middle circle of snowmen, with the help of the turtle function. But first, we goto to the location (0,-100) to draw the circle.

Drawing Head of Snowman

turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, 20)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(70)
turtle.end_fill()

To draw ahead of Snowman we have to change the pen location to (0,20).

Creating a function to Draw Black Circle

def black_circle():
	turtle.color("black")
	turtle.begin_fill()
	turtle.circle(10)
	turtle.end_fill()

Here we created a black_circle() function, so we don’t have to write a single code multiple times. To draw multiple black circles for the eyes and Buttons of Snowman

Draw the eyes of Snowman

# Eyes
x = -20
for i in range(2):
	turtle.penup()
	turtle.goto(x, 110)
	turtle.pendown()
	black_circle()
	x = x + 40

We take a variable x = -20 which is used to set the coordinate of the goto function to place the eyes and using the black_circle() function we can draw the eyes and use x = x + 40 to draw the second eye of a snowman.

Draw Buttons of Snowman

# Buttons
y = 0
for i in range(5):
	turtle.penup()
	turtle.goto(0, y)
	turtle.pendown()
	black_circle()
	y = y – 55

Here we use y = 0 which is used to set the coordinate of the goto function to place the buttons and use of the black_circle() function we can draw the buttons and use y = y – 55 to draw the buttons of the snowman vertically.

Drawing the Mouth of SnowMan

# Mouth
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0,70)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("red")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(17)
turtle.end_fill()
 
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0,75)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("white")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(17)
turtle.end_fill()

There is not a particular shape to draw a mouth so here we use to circle where one circle is red and the other one is white. These two circles are overlapped so we create a mouth.

Drawing Right Arm of Snowman using Python Turtle

# Right Arm
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(75, 0)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("brown")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.left(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(75)
	turtle.left(90)
	turtle.forward(7)
	turtle.left(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Right Finger 1
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(115, 38)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.left(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.left(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.left(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Right Finger 2
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(100)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.left(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.left(90)
turtle.end_fill()

To draw a right arm we need to draw 3 lines, so the pen move to location (75, 0), and we use the left function to forward function appropriately to draw the hand.

Drawing Left hand

# Left Arm
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-130, 50)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(10)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(75)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(7)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Finger 1
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-112, 58)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Finger 2
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(100)
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-108, 31)
turtle.pendown()
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()

As we showed for the Right Arm, To draw a Left Arm we need to draw 3 lines, and use the left() forward functions appropriately to draw the hand.

Drawing the Hat of Snowman

# Left Arm
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-130, 50)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(10)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(75)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(7)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Finger 1
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-112, 58)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Finger 2
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(100)
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-108, 31)
turtle.pendown()
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()

Complete code to Snowman using Python Turtle

import turtle
turtle.speed(2)
turtle.setup(800, 700)
turtle.bgcolor("black")
# Blue Background
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, -320)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("#c1f8b5")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(320)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Bottom of body
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, -280)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("white")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(110)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Middle of body
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, -110)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Head of Snowman
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0, 20)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(70)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Function to draw 1 small black circle
def black_circle():
	turtle.color("black")
	turtle.begin_fill()
	turtle.circle(10)
	turtle.end_fill()
 
# Eyes
x = -20
for i in range(2):
	turtle.penup()
	turtle.goto(x, 110)
	turtle.pendown()
	black_circle()
	x = x + 40
 
# Buttons
y = 0
for i in range(5):
	turtle.penup()
	turtle.goto(0, y)
	turtle.pendown()
	black_circle()
	y = y - 55
 
# Mouth
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0,70)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("red")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(17)
turtle.end_fill()
 
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(0,75)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("white")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.circle(17)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Right Arm
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(75, 0)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("brown")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.left(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(75)
	turtle.left(90)
	turtle.forward(7)
	turtle.left(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Right Finger 1
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(115, 38)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.left(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.left(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.left(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Right Finger 2
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(100)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.left(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.left(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Arm
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-130, 50)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(10)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(75)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(7)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Finger 1
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-112, 58)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(40)
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Left Finger 2
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(100)
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(-108, 31)
turtle.pendown()
for i in range(2):
	turtle.forward(25)
	turtle.right(90)
	turtle.forward(5)
	turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Hat
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(50, 150)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("black")
turtle.begin_fill()
turtle.right(10)
turtle.forward(100)
turtle.right(90)
turtle.forward(10)
turtle.right(90)
turtle.forward(20)
turtle.left(90)
turtle.forward(45)
turtle.right(90)
turtle.forward(60)
turtle.right(90)
turtle.forward(45)
turtle.left(90)
turtle.forward(20)
turtle.right(90)
turtle.end_fill()
 
# Text on Screen
turtle.penup()
turtle.goto(130, -230)
turtle.pendown()
turtle.color("red")
turtle.write("Vatsal Rakholiya", font=("Arial", 20, "bold"))
 
turtle.hideturtle()

Output :

output to draw Snowman using Python Turtle
the final output for Snowman using Python Turtle

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Keywords->python turtle design, turtle, design, 12th class python project, python for kids, 12th class, beautiful turtle designs, python, class 12th, class 12

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Author: Vatsal Rakholiya