To-Do List App in Java

To-Do List App in Java

Hello, everyone👋

Today we are going to build a simple and elegant To-Do List App in Java. This project will teach you how to perform adding, and delete tasks to a List. We will build a cool UI with the help of Java Swing and Java AWT. So let’s start together!!!

Project Overview: To-Do List App in Java

Project Name:To-Do List App in Java
AbstractIt’s a GUI-based project used with the swing module to organize all the elements that work under To-Do List App in Java.
Language/s Used:Java
IDEVs code
Java version (Recommended):Java(latest version)
Database:None
Type:Desktop Application
Recommended forIntermediate Java Programmers
Time to build:30 mins – 60 mins

What you will learn after creating To-Do List App in Java?

  • Handling Classes and Objects creation (very important as this is the standard used in industry-ready programs)
  • Dealing with data structures like List in Java
  • Functions, Loops, Conditionals, and variables
  • Java Swing and Java AWT for designing a simple and attractive User Interface.

Features of Project:

  • Adding a task
  • Marking the task done when it’s finished
  • Deleting all the finished tasks at once

Now, we will understand the code for To-Do List App in Java, we will understand each code using comments.

Complete Code for To-Do List App in Java:

import java.awt.Dimension;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.awt.event.MouseAdapter;
import java.awt.event.MouseEvent;

import javax.swing.BorderFactory;
import javax.swing.Box;
import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.border.Border;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.Component;

class Task extends JPanel {

    JLabel index;
    JTextField taskName;
    JButton done;

    Color pink = new Color(255, 161, 161);
    Color green = new Color(188, 226, 158);
    Color doneColor = new Color(233, 119, 119);

    private boolean checked;

    Task() {
        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(400, 20)); // set size of task
        this.setBackground(pink); // set background color of task

        this.setLayout(new BorderLayout()); // set layout of task

        checked = false;

        index = new JLabel(""); // create index label
        index.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(20, 20)); // set size of index label
        index.setHorizontalAlignment(JLabel.CENTER); // set alignment of index label
        this.add(index, BorderLayout.WEST); // add index label to task

        taskName = new JTextField("Write something.."); // create task name text field
        taskName.setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder()); // remove border of text field
        taskName.setBackground(pink); // set background color of text field

        this.add(taskName, BorderLayout.CENTER);

        done = new JButton("Done");
        done.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(80, 20));
        done.setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder());
        done.setBackground(doneColor);
        done.setFocusPainted(false);

        this.add(done, BorderLayout.EAST);

    }

    public void changeIndex(int num) {
        this.index.setText(num + ""); // num to String
        this.revalidate(); // refresh
    }

    public JButton getDone() {
        return done;
    }

    public boolean getState() {
        return checked;
    }

    public void changeState() {
        this.setBackground(green);
        taskName.setBackground(green);
        checked = true;
        revalidate();
    }
}

class List extends JPanel {

    Color lightColor = new Color(252, 221, 176);

    List() {

        GridLayout layout = new GridLayout(10, 1);
        layout.setVgap(5); // Vertical gap

        this.setLayout(layout); // 10 tasks
        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(400, 560));
        this.setBackground(lightColor);
    }

    public void updateNumbers() {
        Component[] listItems = this.getComponents();

        for (int i = 0; i < listItems.length; i++) {
            if (listItems[i] instanceof Task) {
                ((Task) listItems[i]).changeIndex(i + 1);
            }
        }

    }

    public void removeCompletedTasks() {

        for (Component c : getComponents()) {
            if (c instanceof Task) {
                if (((Task) c).getState()) {
                    remove(c); // remove the component
                    updateNumbers(); // update the indexing of all items
                }
            }
        }

    }
}

class Footer extends JPanel {

    JButton addTask;
    JButton clear;

    Color orange = new Color(233, 133, 128);
    Color lightColor = new Color(252, 221, 176);
    Border emptyBorder = BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder();

    Footer() {
        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(400, 60));
        this.setBackground(lightColor);

        addTask = new JButton("Add Task"); // add task button
        addTask.setBorder(emptyBorder); // remove border
        addTask.setFont(new Font("Sans-serif", Font.ITALIC, 20)); // set font
        addTask.setVerticalAlignment(JButton.BOTTOM); // align text to bottom
        addTask.setBackground(orange); // set background color
        this.add(addTask); // add to footer

        this.add(Box.createHorizontalStrut(20)); // Space between buttons

        clear = new JButton("Clear finished tasks"); // clear button
        clear.setFont(new Font("Sans-serif", Font.ITALIC, 20)); // set font
        clear.setBorder(emptyBorder); // remove border
        clear.setBackground(orange); // set background color
        this.add(clear); // add to footer
    }

    public JButton getNewTask() {
        return addTask;
    }

    public JButton getClear() {
        return clear;
    }
}

class TitleBar extends JPanel {

    Color lightColor = new Color(252, 221, 176);

    TitleBar() {
        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(400, 80)); // Size of the title bar
        this.setBackground(lightColor); // Color of the title bar
        JLabel titleText = new JLabel("To Do List"); // Text of the title bar
        titleText.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(200, 60)); // Size of the text
        titleText.setFont(new Font("Sans-serif", Font.BOLD, 20)); // Font of the text
        titleText.setHorizontalAlignment(JLabel.CENTER); // Align the text to the center
        this.add(titleText); // Add the text to the title bar
    }
}

class AppFrame extends JFrame {

    private TitleBar title;
    private Footer footer;
    private List list;

    private JButton newTask;
    private JButton clear;

    AppFrame() {
        this.setSize(400, 600); // 400 width and 600 height
        this.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); // Close on exit
        this.setVisible(true); // Make visible

        title = new TitleBar();
        footer = new Footer();
        list = new List();

        this.add(title, BorderLayout.NORTH); // Add title bar on top of the screen
        this.add(footer, BorderLayout.SOUTH); // Add footer on bottom of the screen
        this.add(list, BorderLayout.CENTER); // Add list in middle of footer and title

        newTask = footer.getNewTask();
        clear = footer.getClear();

        addListeners();
    }

    public void addListeners() {
        newTask.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
            @override
            public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
                Task task = new Task();
                list.add(task); // Add new task to list
                list.updateNumbers(); // Updates the numbers of the tasks

                task.getDone().addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
                    @override
                    public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {

                        task.changeState(); // Change color of task
                        list.updateNumbers(); // Updates the numbers of the tasks
                        revalidate(); // Updates the frame

                    }
                });
            }

        });

        clear.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
            @override
            public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
                list.removeCompletedTasks(); // Removes all tasks that are done
                repaint(); // Repaints the list
            }
        });
    }

}

public class ToDoList {

    public static void main(String args[]) {
        AppFrame frame = new AppFrame(); // Create the frame
    }
}

@interface override {

}

Output:

Now, hit the run button near the top of the main method or go to the left top corner and find the run button. After running To-Do List App in Java, we will encounter the following output, let’s see.

output 1 for To-Do List App in Java

After the task is finished, you can mark them done.

output 2 for To-Do List App in Java

If you want to remove all the tasks you have marked as done just click on the clear finished tasks button and it will be removed.

output 3 for To-Do List App in Java

Once again you can click on the add task button and add more tasks to the list of tasks to accomplish.

So that was it. Hope you enjoyed building this beautiful project and learned from it. Thank you for reading this article. Hope to see you at the next one.


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Author: Puja Kumari